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Flint, Joseph Marshall [1872 - 1944]. Reports Regarding the Yale Mobile Unit in World War I.

 Unprocessed Material
Identifier: 2009-028

Content Description

Unpublished Typescripts, comprised of seven volumes of reports written by Dr. Flint. 4to. Black binder's cloth with gilt lettering to the front. A general breakdown: 1) Report on the Operations of Mobile Hospital No. 39 During the St. Mihiel Offensive. Ca. 53 pages of text plus numerous photographs, charts, diagrams, etc. 2) Part II. Report of the Operations of Mobile Hospital, No. 39 with a Study of the Ambulance Chirurgicale Automobile. Ca. 63 pages plus numerous photographs, charts, diagrams, etc. 3) Report of the Activities of Mobile Hospital No. 39 From the St. Mihiel Offensive to Demobilization. Ca. 29 pages plus numerous photographs. 4) Survey of Limoges as a Hospital Center of Five Thousand Beds. /// Report of Evacuation Hospital No. 18 During the Aisne Offensive. /// Report of the Use of Narrow Gauge Railroad for the Transportation of Wounded with Special Reference to the Conditions Obtaining at Mobile Hospital No. 39. Variable and irregular pagination + numerous photographs, etc. 5) Activities As Liaison Officer for Mobile Sanitary Formations Between the Chief Surgeon, A.E.F. and the French War Office. /// Activities of Mobile Hospital no. 39, A.E.F. from Organization to St. Mihiel Offensive. Ca. 12 plus 18 pages with numerous photographs. 6)Report on the Ambulance Chirurgicale Automobile as Employed by the French Army. Unnumbered pages Plus ca. 9 and ca. 7 additional pages of other nature. Numerous photographs, charts, etc. 7) Plan of Evacuation and Hospitalization in the Nth French Army. Ca. 26 pages plus a few charts and diagrams. Even before the United States entered World War I a number of Americans had gone to Europe to work or fight in the war effort - most famously, the Lafayette Escadrille. Though they were neither so famed nor so colorful, the efforts of Dr. Joseph M. Flint had much greater long term impact. Joseph Marshall Flint (1872-1944) got his M.D. at Johns Hopkins in 1900. Several years later when Yale Medical School decided to establish a full time professorship in surgery, Flint took the post (after Harvey Cushing had turned it down). In 1915 Flint went to France to work in a hospital in Passy where he had a chance to study some recent French adaptations to the usual medical structure. When the United States entered the war, Flint proposed and organized what became the first US mobile medical unit - the Yale Mobile Unit - staffed and financed by the university. The unit established itself first at Base Hospital 39 in Limoges before heading for the front. The Americans quickly adapted the methods of Detroit to their work. Along with the unit's mobility, the speed and efficiency of the assembly line reduced the time of treatment. The wounded arrived on trains, trucks, Å  whatever, and went straight through the unit in one direction receiving needed treatment at each post - a la a medical Ford motorcar. By the end of the war more mobile units as well as the concept itself had been established, culminating, in our modern celebrity driven culture, in a successful movie and television series. All-in-all, a wealth of WWI primary source material relevant to the support side of the war effort.

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