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Unmuzzled Ox archive, 1973-1985

Identifier: 1977-008

Scope and Contents

Consists of correspondence from poets, artists, musicians, writers, and publishers to Michael Andre, founder and editor. The archive includes manuscripts (not used for publication), advertising, gallery announcements, circulars, photographs, art work and mechanicals, transcriptions of interviews with poets (including Ginsberg), and recordings of interviews and readings.


  • Creation: 1973 - 1985


These materials are in English.


This material is open for research use by any registered reader. However, the recordings have not been reformated and are, therefore, unavailable for use.

Use and Copyright

This material is owned by the University of Tulsa, McFarlin Library, Department of Special Collections. Unpublished manuscripts are under copyright. Therefore, permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from both the repository and the copyright holder.

Biographical / Historical

The Unmuzzled Ox, a literary magazine, was founded in 1972 by Michael Andre while he was a graduate student in English at Columbia University. Andre has also published several volumes of poetry, contributed to other magazines and anthologies, and from 1971-1977 was editor of ARTnews. Andre did not accept unsolicited submissions to the Unmuzzled Ox, but based each issue on a framework established in advance. The publication schedule and format of the Unmuzzled Ox have been irregular.


49.5 Linear Feet (99 boxes.)


This material was originally filed alphabetically into letter boxes. Beginning in the late 80s, much of the material was refiled into a single alphabetical sequence. The list of folder labels represents only the refiled portion of the archive and is therefore only a partial list of names associated with Unmuzzled Ox.

Physical Location

Collection shelved on 3rd floor.

Immediate Source of Acquisition



Unmuzzled Ox archive, 1973-1985
In Progress
Sidney F. Huttner
1991 September
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description
Language of description note

Repository Details

Part of the The University of Tulsa, McFarlin Library, Department of Special Collections & University Archives Repository

McFarlin Library
University of Tulsa
2933 E. 6th St
Tulsa 74104-3123 USA
(918) 631-2496