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Ku Klux Klan (KKK) collection, 1923-1995

 Item — Box: 1
Identifier: 1993.001

Scope and Contents

This is an artificial collection consisting of several accessions including: a ledger containing membership records for the Tulsa Klan chapter for the years 1928-1932; pamphlets pertaining to the organization, structure, and rituals of the Klan; typescript of an acceptance speech given by a newly elected Exalted Cyclops [i.e., Chief Officer] for Klan #2, Realm of Oklahoma (circa 1936); membership application forms; robe and supply requisition forms; mimeograph copies of official Ku Klux Klan documents dating from 1924-1927; sheet music for the song, "The Bright Fiery Cross"; photographs featuring Klan gatherings and parades; and materials relating to the Robert D. Hudson Chapter of the Inns of Court meeting of 17 January 1995.

Dates

  • 1923-1936, 1995

Conditions Governing Access

Collection is open for research by any registered reader. Due to the fragility of some of the materials, access to the originals is irestricted; however, reproductions of these originals are provided.

Conditions Governing Use

This material is owned by the University of Tulsa, McFarlin Library, Department of Special Collections. Therefore, permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from this repository.

Biographical / Historical

Ku Klux Klan (KKK), or The Klan, is a name that has been used by past and present white supremacist organizations. They are visually identifyable by their white costumes, hoods and masks. They used violence to oppress minorities such as African Americans and Jews.

The Klan was first established in 1865 by Confederate veterans as an attempt to resist Reconstruction. They had disappeared by the late 1870s. In 1915, a second Klan was established as a formal fraternal organization, with a national and state structure. It flourished through the 1920s, reaching its peak in the mid-1920s, before fading away through the Depression era and WWII.

In Tulsa, begining with its original swearing-in of members in August 1921, the Klan was extensive during the late 20s hey-day, even sporting both a children's program and a women's auxiliary.

The appearance of the name of Tulsa attorney Robert Hudson in the membership ledger confirmed long-standing rumors of his Klan membership. This lead to efforts to change the name of the Robert Hudson Chapter of the American Inns of Court, one of two Tulsa chapters of this national bar organization. The Hudson chapter debated this question at its videotaped meeting of 17 January 1995, having provided its members with considerable background information on the Klan in Tulsa dfuring the 1920s.

Extent

2.0 Linear Feet (1 document box, 3 oversized boxes)

Immediate Source of Acquisition

The membership roster as well as many of the official documents and pamphlets were acquired from L. A. Lawrence Americana in December 1993. They are believed to have been found in an unnamed Tulsan's attic, circa 1992. Some of the items appear to have been acquired from Turlington in February 1995. Research materials pertaining to the KKK, originally from the William Settle papers, have been incorporated into this collection. The Robert D. Hudson Chapter of the American Inns of Court materials were donated by the organization in March 1995. The pamphlet, "Ideals of the Ku Klux Klan" was acquired from Tavistock Books in August 2017.

Source

Title
Ku Klux Klan (KKK) collection, 1923-1995
Status
Completed
Author
Milissa Burkart
Date
2017 November
Description rules
dacs
Language of description
English

Repository Details

Part of the The University of Tulsa, McFarlin Library, Department of Special Collections & University Archives Repository

Contact:
McFarlin Library
University of Tulsa
2933 E. 6th St
Tulsa 74104-3123 US US
918-631-2496
918-631-5022 (Fax)