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John Ross Collection, 1814-1897

Identifier: MS-1954-185

Scope and Contents

Correspondence, proclamations as chief of the Cherokee Tribe, legal papers, records, accounts, list of names and rations allocated during Removal from Tennessee to Indian Territory, official and other papers of the Council (Cherokee), petitions and protests to Congress, and papers relating to the East and West Cherokee controversy and the Civil War.

Includes the Muster Roll of Capt. John Benge's Detachment of Emigrating Cherokees. Another documents records the expenditures of one detachment, the costs for which the U. S. Government promised reimbursement.


  • Creation: 1814 - 1897


Conditions Governing Access

Access requires an appointment.

Biographical / Historical

John Ross (1790-1897) chief of the first Indian republic, was principal chief of the Cherokees during the time of the Removal, establishment of the Cherokee Nation, and until his death. During the Civil War he split with the CHerokees who favored the Southern Cause and ruled in exile after 1863 from Philadelphia.


11 Linear Feet

Language of Materials

Multiple languages


In part, transcripts and photocopies.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Purchased by Mr. Gilcrease from Mrs. Pyburn, a descendant of John Ross.


NUCMC MS 67-137

Language of description
Script of description

Repository Details

Part of the Helmerich Center for American Research at Gilcrease Museum Repository

1400 N. Gilcrease Museum Rd.
Tulsa Ok 74127