Alice Welford WWI photograph album and military nursing lecture journal, 1911-1918
Scope and Contents
The lecture notes are detailed lessons in nursing, from specific ailments and their treatments to principles of surgery and care. An example entry: "Amputation (ordinary). Saw; Knife or scalpel; Bone press; Always turniquet." Also includes recipes for medicinal foods such as Diabetic Bread and Bread Jelly. Final entry is titled "Impressions of Malta," in which Ms. Welford writes; "The Maltese folk are small & dark, the sea is very blue; The streets go mostly up a hill, then go down it too; The ferry boats they pitch & roll in scarcely any sea; And the milk the natives get from goats is simply vile in tea."
- 1911 - 1918
- Welford, Alice, 1887-1918 (Person)
Use and Copyright
Biographical / Historical
She applied for a passport and to join the Queen Alexandra Imperial Nursing Service. The QAINS was the Army nursing corps. In 1915, she appears to have served from February to at least April with Ambulance 4 at Hopital de Chateau Thierry, before being accepted into the QAIMNS(R) by June 1915, and being transferred to a military hospital at Europa Point, Gibraltar, where the photograph album begins, in June. We first see her with her friend E. M. Constable, aka “Connie,” almost certainly Sister Edith May Constable. Most of the images are described and some have specific dates. She has numerous pictures of the people she worked with and the patients. Some of the pictures she may have taken, others clearly she didn’t, for example the trench pictures that may be from Gallipoli.
In February of 1916 she was transferred to St. Ignatius Hospital in Malta (Connie was apparently sent to St. Andrews on Malta). There she served until being transferred to Salonika in July 1917, with a brief stopover in Egypt. The last hand written noted in her photograph album were in April 1917, and the last photographs were from Egypt. What is probably the last image made of Alice Welford, as she is dressed for traveling and is the final picture in the album. This would be July 1917, and was taken in the Garden at St. Ignatius Hospital, Malta, best before she was sent to Salonika. 2010-064-1-46-2. While at Salonika, her brother was killed at Arras.
In January 1918 she was transferred again, this time to Basra, arriving there on the 8th. A week later, on 15 January 1918, while en route to a welcoming dinner party at a place called Mohommerah, the motor launch she was riding in was sliced in two by a steam tug. Sister Alice Welford, two other nurses and a VAD drowned in the Shatt al-Arab waterway south of the confluence of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. She was buried there, in Basra, in the Makina Cemetery, Line G, Grave I.G.13.
There are several minor mysteries about this collection, not the least of which is why wasn’t this material with her autograph album which is now in the possession of the family. From the dating in the pictures, it’s possible that her effects were separated when she was transferred to Salonika. Interestingly, tucked in the album was a post card written to Sister Welford a few months after her death. Another mystery is why she stopped writing descriptions in the album after April 1917.
0.25 Linear Feet (1 box)
Language of Materials
- Great Britain. Army. Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military Nursing Service. (Reserve)
- Military decorations -- Great Britain
- Military hospitals.
- Military nursing -- Great Britain
- Nurses -- Training
- Special Collections -- Photographs -- World War, 1914-1918.
- St. Bartholomew's Hospital (London, England)
- St. Ignatius Hospital (Malta)
- World War, 1914-1918 -- Campaigns -- Turkey -- Gallipoli Peninsula
- World War, 1914-1918 -- Great Britain
- World War, 1914-1918 -- Photographs.
- Alice Welford WWI photograph album andh military nursing lecture journal, 1911-1918
- Aubree Hayden; Amy Ziegler
- 2016 August
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Language of description note
Part of the The University of Tulsa, McFarlin Library, Department of Special Collections & University Archives Repository
University of Tulsa
2933 E. 6th St
Tulsa 74104-3123 US US